Epsom Salt
Author: Tammie Burak
Publish date:
Summary: Epsom salt, or magnesium sulfate, has long been used as a home remedy for a variety of ailments. Added to bath water, it has been used to relieve colds, back pain, ease muscle tension and treat certain skin conditions.

The chemical work done by our cells, called metabolism, is what keeps us alive, allows us to grow and reproduce, adjust to our environment and do the daily repair work necessary for good health. Our cells need magnesium to do this work.

Attribution 2.0 Generic  NASA http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/Glory/multimedia/Many_shades_aerosols.html

Your body also uses magnesium to
● Build bones and teethi
● Assist in energy production inside cellsii
● Facilitate transmission of nerve impulsesiii
● Relax muscleiv
● Synthesize and metabolize vitamin D.v

About half the magnesium in the body is found in bone and half in muscle and soft tissues. It is an essential mineral, yet three out of four Americans don’t get enough magnesium from their diets. In addition, certain lifestyle factors like alcohol consumption and the use of diuretics cause a depletion of magnesium.vi These facts are reason for concern and it’s likely that many of us have symptoms of magnesium deficiency and don’t even know it.

Symptoms of Magnesium Deficiency

Although magnesium levels in the blood vary slightly and may not clearly identify a deficiency, having a blood test to determine magnesium levels can be helpful in monitoring treatment. Ask your doctor to include a magnesium test and ask about magnesium deficiency and treatment options. Symptoms of magnesium deficiency may includevii
● agitation,
● anxiety,
● restless leg syndrome (RLS),
● sleep disorders,
● irritability,
● nausea and vomiting,
● abnormal heart rhythms,
● low blood pressure,
● confusion,
● muscle spasm and weakness,
● hyperventilation,
● poor nail growth,
● and even seizures.

Sulphur in the Body

The other component of Epsom salt is sulfate. Researcher Stephanie Seneff says, “Sulfur is known as a healing mineral, and a sulfur deficiency often leads to pain and inflammation associated with various muscle and skeletal disorders.”viii She believes that modern farming practices and lifestyle habits like the use of sunscreen has led to sulfate deficiency and may be linked to such problems as obesity and heart disease.

● plays an important role in metabolism.
● is present in insulin, an important blood-sugar regulator
● is used in the production of vitamin D from sunlight

A study tested the ability of skin to absorb magnesium and sulfate from Epsom salt in bath water. Both blood levels and urine levels of magnesium and sulfate increased as a result of bathing in Epsom salt dissolved in bath waterix. Researchers concluded that magnesium sulfate is absorbed through the skin.

Another study found that adults aged 20-75 years in the Netherlands who had less magnesium in the urine, signifying a diet low in magnesium, were at higher risk of heart disease. A diet higher in magnesium intake was associated with lower risk of ischemic heart disease caused by a reduced blood supply to the heart muscle.x

Other studies suggest that diets high in magnesium
● might reduce the risk of stroke,
● are associated with a significantly lower risk of diabetes,
● might increase bone mineral density in postmenopausal and elderly women, and
● can help prevent migraine headaches.

Medically, magnesium sulfate is used to
● prevent cerebral palsy resulting from pre-term birth,xi
● prevent death due to eclampsia, a complication causing seizures, in pregnant women,xii
● treat heart arrhythmia,xiii
● treat severe asthma,xiv and
● delay preterm birth by relaxing uterine muscle contraction.

Parents of children with autism or ADHD report benefits for children given Epsom salt baths. It is thought that the sulfate supplied through the skin improves neurotransmitter function helping children to feel calmer.

Using Epsom Salt at Home

Since most of us are not getting enough magnesium from our foods, it’s a good idea to eat more foods high in magnesium. If you grow your own food, you can increase the magnesium content of fruits and vegetables by adding Epsom salt to the base of the plants or adding it to the trench at planting time.

Attribution-NonCommercial 2.0 Generic Niklas Morberg on Flickr https://www.flickr.com/photos/morberg/3791438006/in/photolist-6nQjSs-6Tznd1-6M37qN-6JvVAy-6tf32o-69m5pW-69m92d

Good sources of magnesium are
● Pumpkin and squash seeds
● Flax seeds
● Brazil nuts
● Almonds
● Sesame seeds
● Cashews
● Spinach
● Beans and lentils
● Quinoa and other whole grains

Internal Use of Magnesium Sulfate

Do not use Epsom salt or magnesium sulfate supplements internally without the advice of your physician as several types of medications can interact with magnesium supplements or affect magnesium levels in the blood. Also, an overdose of magnesium sulfate can be fatal.

In the Bath

It’s unlikely that you could absorb a dangerous amount of magnesium sulfate from bathing, although your body will absorb the magnesium and sulfate. Bathing in water with dissolved Epsom salt is a safe way to increase magnesium and sulfate levels in the body. Add one or two cups of Epsom salt to your bath (or follow package instructions) to ease tension, relieve sore muscles and help you relax before going to bed.

Learn another way to use salts for healing or how to use epsom salts in the garden.



i. George D. Pamplona-Roger, Encyclopedia of Foods and Their Healing Power (Madrid, Spain: 2004).

ii. Ibid.

iii. Ibid.

iv. Ibid.

v. Deng X, Song Y, Manson JE, Signorello LB, Zhang SM, Shrubsole MJ, Ness RM, Seidner DL, Dai Q., “Magnesium, vitamin D status and mortality: results from US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2001 to 2006 and NHANES III,” PubMed.gov, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23981518 (accessed December 27, 2013).

vi. Mary P. Guerrera, Stella Lucia Volpe, Jun James Mao, “Therapeutic Uses of Magnesium,” Am Fam Physician. 2009 Jul 15;80(2):157-162, re-published on American Academy of Family Physicians, http://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0715/p157.html#sec-4 (accessed December 27, 2013).

vii. Steven D. Ehrlich, “Magnesium,” University of Maryland Medical Center, http://umm.edu/health/medical/altmed/supplement/magnesium (accessed January 6, 2014).

viii. Stephanie Seneff, “Could Sulfur Deficiency be a Contributing Factor in Obesity, Heart Disease, Alzheimer's and Chronic Fatigue Syndrome?” MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory, http://people.csail.mit.edu/seneff/sulfur_obesity_alzheimers_muscle_wasting.html (accessed December 27, 2013).

ix. Rosemary Waring, “Report on Absorption of magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts) across the skin,” Epsom Salt Council, http://www.epsomsaltcouncil.org/articles/report_on_absorption_of_magnesium_sulfate.pdf (accessed December 27, 2013).

x. National Institutes of Health: Office of Dietary Supplements, “Dietary Supplement Fact Sheet: Magnesium,” http://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Magnesium-HealthProfessional/ (accessed December 27, 2013).

xi. Celeste D Bickford, Laura A Magee, Craig Mitton, Marie Kruse, Anne R Synnes, Diane Sawchuck, Melanie Basso, Vyta M Senikas, Peter von Dadelszen and on behalf of the MAG-CP Working Group, “Magnesium sulfate for fetal neuroprotection: a cost-effectiveness analysis,” BioMedCentral.com, http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/13/527 (accessed December 27, 2013)

xii. Ekechi Okereke, Babatunde Ahonsi, Jamilu Tukur, Salisu Mohammed Ishaku and Ayodeji Babatunde Oginni, “Benefits of using magnesium sulfate (MgSO4) for eclampsia management and maternal mortality reduction: lessons from Kano State in Northern Nigeria,” BioMedCentral.com, http://www.biomedcentral.com/1756-0500/5/421/ (accessed December 27, 2013).

xiii. Wikipedia, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magnesium_sulfate (accessed December 27, 2013).

xiv. Ibid.

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