How to stock your pantry
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Summary: Get some helpful hints on the best ingredients to use in vegetarian cooking.
 
 

The Shopping List: How to stock your pantry

Making the transition to better eating isn’t difficult when you start with vegetarian foods that are already in your cupboard. Then, you can learn where to shop and what products to buy for good health and great taste.

You will probably find a number of items on the list below that are unfamiliar to you. Rather than feeling intimidated by your new choices, though, get excited about all of the wonderful things you’re about to try. Eating like a vegetarian doesn’t limit your options; indeed, it will actually broaden them. Have you ever had millet with an African peanut sauce, or coconut curried vegetables served over barley? The array of choices may surprise you. Hold on to your chef hat because you’re about to discover the best food of (and for) your life!

The following are suggested categories of foods to include in your pantry.

Beans and Legumes

These foods are essential for their high levels of vitamins, minerals, fiber and protein. You can choose dried, canned, or even frozen versions of many legumes, such as garbanzo (also called “chick peas”), black, pinto, anasazi, navy, kidney, and mung beans. Try black-eyed peas, green and red lentils, or green and yellow split peas. Dried beans require lengthy cooking (unless you have a pressure cooker—then they take only minutes), so you might start with canned beans, which are ready to heat and eat. You’ll be amazed at how many recipes you can use beans and peas for. They’re great in veggie burgers, dips and spreads, salads, soups, sauces, and casseroles.

Soybeans are more nutrient-dense than most other legumes. They provide all of the essential amino acids your body needs. They’re also easily digestible and work well with all combinations of seasonings. Prepared soy products (tofu, tempeh, soy cheese, etc.) are also useful as substitutes for meat, cheese and eggs.

Try tofu in all its forms; the firmer varieties are good for a “meatier” texture, while the softer or silken versions are wonderful for spreads and desserts. Give tempeh a try. This cultured soy product has a wonderful nutty flavor and is perfect for marinating and grilling, or baking. Soy beverages are great on cereal or for baking...and many are great to drink as well.

    Helpful tips:
  • When choosing soy beverages, choose fortified versions, especially for children. Look for calcium and vitamin D levels on the labels.
  • Because nearly 50% of all soybeans grown in the United States are genetically modified, choose organic varieties when possible.
  • When purchasing canned beans and peas, be sure to select varieties without animal fat or excessive amounts of salt or preservatives.

Whole Grains

Source: Egan Snow on Flickr....

Full of great flavor and very filling, these complex carbohydrates provide lots of nutrients. Grains should be kept in an airtight container in a cool dry place, or in the refrigerator or freezer. Some grains you might want to stock up on include brown rice (long-grain, short grain or basmati), millet, buckwheat groats, barley, bulgur, and rolled oats.

All of these grains are easy to cook. It’s as simple as boiling water, and adding the grain, and covering to simmer. Grains are used in many recipes, from pilafs to casseroles to stir-fries. They are also great in breakfast foods or desserts, such as rice pudding. And don’t forget about whole-wheat bread, bagels, and cereals.

Pasta is made from grains. It is really quick to cook, and usually only needs to be topped with a sauce and some veggies to create the foundation for a healthful meal. It can also be added to soups and made into salads. A variety of shapes, colors and flavors is available. Try spirals, bow-ties, angel hair, and alphabets for the kids. Just don’t forget to pick the whole grain versions.

you have a wheat allergy or sensitivity, or if you just want a change, try brown rice pasta, quinoa pasta, or spelt pasta.

    Helpful tip:
  • Always choose whole, unrefined grains whenever possible. The refining process (turning brown rice into white rice, for instance) removes most of the fiber, protein and vitamins and minerals from the grain, and enriching doesn’t begin to add back what was lost.

Produce

Fresh produce is your best choice. The key here is to choose a variety of produce. Variety will keep you healthy and will ensure that you never get bored. Organic, locally-grown produce provides the best flavor, condition, and nutrition.

Buying in season ensures freshness and quality, and helps maintain healthy ecosystems by encouraging diversity and reducing transportation. Try winter vegetables such as carrots, turnips, rutabagas, beets, onions, cabbages and citrus fruits. In the spring, give leeks, lettuces, watercress, spinach, green onions, peas, asparagus, strawberries, and blackberries a try. Summer is great for tomatoes, sweet corn, beans, eggplant, chard, zucchini, squash, peppers, okra, peaches, blueberries, plums and fresh herbs. Fall ushers in apples, pears, grapes, cauliflower, lettuces, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale, collard greens, potatoes, winter squash, sweet potatoes, and pumpkins.

    Helpful tips:
  • Try shopping at a local farmer’s market for the best locally-grown organic produce around. The prices are much cheaper than at the supermarket. Consider joining a CSA (Community Supported Agriculture) buying club with organic farmers. You’ll get a variety of wonderful fruits and vegetables all through the growing season at a bargain price. Plus, you’ll be supporting local farmers who are working in concert with nature. Sometimes they will even deliver the produce right to your front door!
  • Try dried fruits and vegetables for a change. Great in cereals, baked goods, chutneys, grain dishes and salads, or all by themselves, these foods are best in their organic, unsulfured, preservative-free forms. Stock up on raisins, currants, dried apricots, dates, figs, prunes, dried apples, dried corn, dried cranberries, sundried tomatoes, and dried mushrooms. They can be eaten as is or re-hydrated in water or broth.
  • Buy organically-grown foods whenever possible in order to limit exposure to pesticides and other chemicals, and to avoid genetically-engineered and irradiated foods. Plus, ask any of the nation's finest chefs and they'll tell you, "Organically-grown foods just taste better."

Sea Vegetables

Rice with hijiki.
Source: Yuko Honda on Flickr....

Although sea vegetables are relatively new for American tastes, they have been used for centuries in other countries.

With 80 main varieties, there are more than 250 different types of edible sea vegetables. These low-calorie, nutrient-rich foods are wonderful to try.

One popular sea vegetable is nori, which is used in making sushi. Agar-agar is used as a vegetarian gelatin.

Dulse, hijiki, arame, and kelp are other great varieties that you’ll want to try in soups, salads, or sandwiches. They can be found in flakes or in strips.

Nuts and Seeds

Nuts and seeds can be used in many recipes or eaten alone as a great snack. Almonds, pine nuts, cashews, pecans, sesame seeds, pumpkin seeds, pistachios, and sunflower seeds are all tasty and nutrient dense. Both sesame seeds and almonds are a good source of calcium as well. Try any of a number of different nut butters for a real treat.

Cashew nut butter, almond butter and, of course, peanut butter all make great spreads on bread; plus they’re wonderful in baked goods. Try mixing hazelnut butter with silken tofu and maple syrup for a great dessert topping!

You might want to buy some flaxseed oil for those hard-to-get omega-3 essential fatty acids. Always keep this oil in the refrigerator and use it before its expiration date to ensure good quality. You can add this oil to salad dressings or drink it in fruit smoothies. A cheaper way to get those essential fatty acids is by buying flax meal, or purchasing flaxseeds and grinding them yourself in a coffee mill. Keep this meal in the freezer or refrigerator to maintain its freshness.

    Helpful tips:
  • When choosing peanut butter, avoid the varieties with sugar and hydrogenated oil added to them. Non-hydrogenated versions are delicious and you can add a sweetener to them if you’d like. Because the oil separates from the nut, you’ll want to stir the oil back into the peanut butter (or pour it off if you want to reduce the fat content). Be sure to read the label to see if hydrogenated oil is used. As mentioned previously, hydrogenated oils should be avoided because they are rich in trans fatty acids, which have been shown to increase the risk of heart disease.
  • When purchasing flaxseed meal, try to avoid the “defatted” variety, which has been stripped of many of its essential fatty acids.

Spices and Herbs

Buy small quantities of these items, as they lose their flavor and intensity over time. Fresh herbs usually taste best, but dried ones are more available and work quite well. Dried herbs should be kept in tightly closed jars in a cool, dark place.

You’ll learn which spices go well together (cumin, oregano, and chili powder are great for Mexican; basil, oregano, and rosemary are wonderful in Italian dishes), but you can experiment with any variety you choose.

Try some of the following for a start: bay leaf, sage, peppercorns, rosemary, basil, tarragon, dill, oregano, thyme, cumin, coriander, cardamom, allspice, cloves, cinnamon, nutmeg, ginger, caraway seeds, fennel seeds, fenugreek, mustard seeds, chili powder, paprika, cayenne, onion powder, garlic, and parsley.

    Helpful tip:
  • Buying herbs and spices in bulk at natural grocery stores will save you a bundle. They’re sold at a fraction of the cost you pay for a small jar in the grocery.

Oils and Butter Substitutes

An oil expeller.
Source: Wikimedia Commons....

Because these are all fats, they should be used sparingly. A little goes a long way in sautés, stir-fries, and salad dressings. But not all fats are created equal. The less-refined oils are better for you. Look for "cold-pressed" or "expeller-pressed" oils because they retain more nutrients than highly processed and refined oils. It’s best to keep these oils in the refrigerator, as they will turn rancid over time. Use olive oil for all your cooking and baking needs, of course using it sparingly. Look for extra-virgin olive oil.

It’s best to avoid hydrogenated oils, such as margarine, even if it’s soy or canola margarine. Adding hydrogen to oils creates trans fats, which we described earlier as the worst type of fat to eat. You can buy non-hydrogenated versions of margarine in most grocery stores. Even these should be used very sparingly.

Beverages

Organic, unsweetened fruit juices can be great sources of vitamins and make tasty refreshments, but they do contain calories. Mineral water and herbal teas are a great way to make sure you get your recommended eight 8-ounce servings a day of water. There are more herbal teas available than you could imagine. Or blend some soy milk with frozen strawberries and bananas for a powerful breakfast smoothie. But the best beverage of all is good, pure, refreshing water.

Sweeteners

Because these products are obviously not high in nutritional value, they should be used sparingly. But when you want a sweet treat, try molasses, pure maple syrup, brown rice syrup, sorghum, Sucanat (sugar cane natural) or agave nectar (cactus nectar) as they are probably metabolized by your body more slowly than white or brown sugar. They’re also less processed and may have small amounts of beneficial nutrients. The herb Stevia is a good alternative.

Where to Shop

Where do you buy these staples? You don’t necessarily need to change where you shop, although you might want to find a natural foods store in your area to expand your options. Look in your phone book to get a listing of groceries in your vicinity. Most natural foods stores have trained, knowledgeable staff who can help you to get accustomed to their store. Take advantage of this service and get the real "scoop" on which items are the tastiest.

There are many large natural food store chains in many parts of the US. Stores such as Fresh Fields, Wild Oats, Whole Foods, Trader Joe's, and more, offer wonderful choices for healthy, tasty fare.

The large conventional super markets are not about to be left out. Many of them offer organic and natural food sections for produce, bulk foods, and other healthy choices. Check them out!

Hopefully we've given you some tools to work with on the road to health and healing—your road to a new you!

© 2003, Ted Phelps and DayStar Botanicals

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